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HISTORY

Gallery historical images

The history of Venetian Apothecaries is important to understand how this civilization we reported it to the other completely different cultures, with the intent to buy the most original and rare spices and goods in pharmaceutical market. Of how they have refined their scientific knowledge and treatment to serve the Serenissima Republic and make them a well-deserved honor. The druggist was committed to a solemn oath, decreed by statute, when each was used to make medicine and apothecary was imposed "not to give, or to have him give, nor teach giving" poisonous medicines. Among these poisons is reminiscent of the red arsenic poisoning rather frequent in the crimes. The sale of poisons was limited to the two main spices of San Marco and the Rialto and only upon presentation of the bill issued by Giustizieri Vecchi, who dictated the quality, quantity and variety of features.
It 's interesting to note that already seven centuries ago the ancient pharmacists of Venice had a public service that is surprisingly modern, it is evident, therefore, that the development of pharmacy in Italy and in Europe, from its beginning and throughout the centuries, has been influenced by the model of Venetian pharmacy. One of the characteristic part of this influence, which served as the rule to other regions of the country and across the Alps, lies even in a legal system. The political control of Venetian state exerted on the apothecaries and the quality of their preparations, imposing penalties also harsh towards those who falsified drugs by imposing the public destruction of damaged goods and sophisticated.
The College of Apothecaries contributed with his attentive care to give all '"Art" as much shine as possible, so that the "Council of Ten" gave him power to enact statutes under the dependence of the "Magistrato dei Giustizieri Vecchi" and, as the maximum reward for merit and the fame acquired abroad, the Serenissima in 1706 called the noble art of Apothecaries, by granting the right, to those who exercised, to marry a nobleman.
One last question that testifies to the oneness of spices Venetian: all pharmacies were differentiated by the sign, which had to be exposed "to avoid a fine of 5 ducats" and constituted, also in the public "brand" of the various distinctive workshops. The name, from the Latin "insigna", was seen as a symbol of a profession or a dignity, the basis of the same professionalism that you will find today at the Farmacia Al Lupo Coronato.

(Sources:M.Trinchieri di Venanson-A.Schwarz).